Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it should.
There is a very shallow v-shaped crevice called a sulcus between your tooth and gums.
Periodontal disease attacks just below the gum line in the sulcus, where it makes the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues break down. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket. Generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the depth of the pocket.
Periodontal diseases are classified according to their severity. Two major stages are:
Gingivitis – A milder form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. At this stage, the disease is reversible and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing.
At the early stage gum disease can be painless and give no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental check-ups, professional cleaning and periodontal examinations are essential to prevent periodontal disease. If untreated, it may lead to more serious and destructive forms.
Periodontitis – At this stage the gums and bone that support the teeth become seriously damaged. The teeth can become loose, fall out or to be removed by a dentist.
Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and its progression. Good oral hygiene at home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious or recurring. You do not have to lose teeth to periodontal disease.
Factors increasing the risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Tobacco, smoking or chewing
- Systemic disease such as diabetes
- Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers
- Bridges that no longer fit properly
- Crooked teeth
- Fillings that have become defective
Warning signs of periodontal disease:
- Gums that bleed easily when you brush your teeth
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Pus between your teeth and gums
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
The cost of periodontal treatment depends on patients’ needs and expectations. Our price guide fees reflect the highest quality of care to bring the best results.
Periodontal consultation is the first step. Patient’s dental radiographs (X-rays) are required to see how much of the bone support has been lost to determine the appropriate treatment with an estimate of costs. The consultation fee includes a full diagnostic report. You should keep in mind that treating gum disease is less costly and better for your health than replacing lost teeth as a result of negligence.